Gynecol Obstet Invest .2017;82(1):8-14. doi: 10.1159/000452662. Epub 2016 Nov 11
The role of micronutrients in fertility has recently gained increased attention. We aimed to test the impact of a standardized, multinutrient supplementation on outcomes after in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in a pilot study. One hundred women undergoing IVF/ICSI were prospectively included and randomized to receive either a multinutrient supplementation named PROfertil® female that included folic acid, selenium, vitamin E, catechins, glycyrrhizin, diosgenin, damiana and omega-3-fatty acids (study group; n = 50), or 400 µg folic acid (control group; n = 50). Outcome parameters were embryo quality on day 3 after oocyte retrieval (good quality vs. poor quality) and the clinical pregnancy rate. In an intention-to-treat analyses, a higher rate of women with at least one good quality embryo (with at least 6 cells and a fragmentation rate <20%) were found for the study (29/50, 58.0%) compared to the control group (18/50, 36.0%; p = 0.045 in chi-square test; relative risk 1.611, 95% CI 1.009-2.597). In conclusion, a multinutrient supplementation that includes folic acid, selenium, vitamin E, catechins, glycyrrhizin, diosgenin, damiana and omega-3-fatty acids seems beneficial in terms of embryo quality.